Mindfulness is a type of insight meditation in which an individual pays attention to each moment in all life experiences. There is great emphasis on the awareness of the present and to avoid rumination. Negative emotions such as stress and anxiety are to be thought of as events that come and go, and individuals must focus on shifting from one state of mind to another. An example of this switch could be going from thinking about a distressing event to focusing on the sensations of the body, such as how your chest feels when inhaling and exhaling breaths. Attitudes of openness and curiosity are encouraged in order to fully commit to changing an individual’s negative mindset. The greatest contributors to the suffering felt by many people are the aversion and reluctance to experience the negative feelings or events. If these emotions are approached with a willingness to honestly confront their effects right when they take place, their residual psychological discomfort and interference with functioning can be greatly decreased or eliminated (Davis et al., 2007; Brown et al., 2010).
Brown, L. F., Davis, L. W., LaRocco, V. A., & Strasburger, A. (2010). Participant perspectives on mindfulness meditation training for anxiety in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 13(3), 224-242. doi:10.1080/15487768.2010.501302
Davis, L. W., Strasburger, A. M., & Brown, L. F. (2007). Mindfulness: An intervention for anxiety in schizophrenia. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 45(11), 23-29.