Brown et al. (2010) conducted a pilot study to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of teaching patients with schizophrenia mindfulness meditation. They chose mindfulness because of its ability to reduce anxiety-related distress. Researchers developed a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) treatment manual for participants. There were 15 male individuals ages 45 to 58 and they reported significant anxiety symptoms, being in a stable post-acute phase of illness, and a consistent medication treatment regimen. Intervention lasted 8 weeks and individuals participated in two 1-hour classes each week. Participants were also equally distributed to group sizes of 5 people for the classes.
Throughout the study researchers collected qualitative feedback from the participants during interviews. This feedback included information about what participants thought they gained from the program, how beneficial it was, what could be improved, etc. Participants reported that they did not experience psychotic symptoms while meditating in response to questions and that they experienced significant relief from anxiety. At the end of the program participants demonstrated that they acquired knowledge that directly reflected the content of the MBSR manual, which was a goal of the study. Another important aspect of this study to note was that participants agreed that they wished the intervention was longer than 8 weeks.
Brown, L. F., Davis, L. W., LaRocco, V. A., & Strasburger, A. (2010). Participant perspectives on mindfulness meditation training for anxiety in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 13(3), 224-242. doi:10.1080/15487768.2010.501302